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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
_____________________________
FORM 10-Q

þ QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2017
OR

o TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
Commission file number 001-32514
DIAMONDROCK HOSPITALITY COMPANY
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)
Maryland
 
20-1180098
(State of Incorporation)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
 
 
2 Bethesda Metro Center, Suite 1400, Bethesda, Maryland
 
20814
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)
 
(Zip Code)
(240) 744-1150
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. þ Yes o No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). þ Yes o No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer þ
 
Accelerated filer o
 
Non-accelerated filer o
 
Smaller reporting company o
Emerging growth company o
 
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). o Yes þ No
The registrant had 200,305,232 shares of its $0.01 par value common stock outstanding as of November 7, 2017.
 



Table of Contents
INDEX
 
 
 
Page No.
 
 
 
 
 
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 



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PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item I.
Financial Statements

DIAMONDROCK HOSPITALITY COMPANY

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)
(unaudited)
 
September 30, 2017
 
December 31, 2016
ASSETS
 
 
 
Property and equipment, net
$
2,688,214

 
$
2,646,676

Restricted cash
42,317

 
46,069

Due from hotel managers
98,292

 
77,928

Favorable lease assets, net
26,795

 
18,013

Prepaid and other assets
77,694

 
37,682

Cash and cash equivalents
166,619

 
243,095

Total assets
$
3,099,931

 
$
3,069,463

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
 
 
Liabilities:
 
 
 
Mortgage debt, net of unamortized debt issuance costs
$
642,768

 
$
821,167

Term loans, net of unamortized debt issuance costs
298,037

 
99,372

Total debt
940,805


920,539

 
 
 
 
Deferred income related to key money, net
17,028

 
20,067

Unfavorable contract liabilities, net
71,212

 
72,646

Deferred ground rent
85,047

 
80,509

Due to hotel managers
70,972

 
58,294

Dividends declared and unpaid
25,627

 
25,567

Accounts payable and accrued expenses
56,618

 
55,054

Total liabilities
1,267,309

 
1,232,676

Stockholders’ Equity:
 
 
 
Preferred stock, $0.01 par value; 10,000,000 shares authorized; no shares issued and outstanding

 

Common stock, $0.01 par value; 400,000,000 shares authorized; 200,305,232 and 200,200,902 shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively
2,003

 
2,002

Additional paid-in capital
2,059,919

 
2,055,365

Accumulated deficit
(229,300
)
 
(220,580
)
Total stockholders’ equity
1,832,622

 
1,836,787

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
$
3,099,931

 
$
3,069,463







The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

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DIAMONDROCK HOSPITALITY COMPANY

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(in thousands, except per share amounts)
(unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
Revenues:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Rooms
$
167,990

 
$
163,158

 
$
483,305

 
$
498,714

Food and beverage
42,651

 
44,069

 
140,191

 
151,850

Other
12,845

 
13,012

 
39,472

 
39,373

Total revenues
223,486

 
220,239

 
662,968

 
689,937

Operating Expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Rooms
41,945

 
39,766

 
120,411

 
121,737

Food and beverage
30,794

 
29,103

 
93,324

 
97,718

Management fees
5,356

 
7,655

 
18,317

 
23,036

Other hotel expenses
77,769

 
74,123

 
228,036

 
232,576

Depreciation and amortization
25,083

 
23,605

 
75,031

 
73,731

Impairment losses
2,357

 

 
2,357

 

Hotel acquisition costs
(245
)
 

 
2,028

 

Corporate expenses
6,109

 
4,684

 
19,199

 
17,420

Total operating expenses, net
189,168

 
178,936

 
558,703

 
566,218

Operating profit
34,318

 
41,303

 
104,265

 
123,719

Interest and other income, net
(372
)
 
(333
)
 
(923
)
 
(451
)
Interest expense
9,692

 
9,504

 
28,790

 
32,242

Loss on early extinguishment of debt

 

 
274

 

Gain on sale of hotel properties

 
(2,198
)
 

 
(10,319
)
Total other expenses, net
9,320

 
6,973

 
28,141

 
21,472

Income before income taxes
24,998

 
34,330

 
76,124

 
102,247

Income tax expense
(3,375
)
 
(4,393
)
 
(9,019
)
 
(11,357
)
Net income
$
21,623

 
$
29,937

 
$
67,105

 
$
90,890

Earnings per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic earnings per share
$
0.11

 
$
0.15

 
$
0.33

 
$
0.45

Diluted earnings per share
$
0.11

 
$
0.15

 
$
0.33

 
$
0.45














The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

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DIAMONDROCK HOSPITALITY COMPANY

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(in thousands)
(unaudited)
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2017
 
2016
 
 
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
Net income
$
67,105

 
$
90,890

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
75,031

 
73,731

Corporate asset depreciation as corporate expenses
56

 
49

Gain on sale of hotel properties

 
(10,319
)
Loss on early extinguishment of debt
274

 

Non-cash ground rent
4,756

 
4,230

Amortization of debt issuance costs
1,489

 
1,760

Impairment losses
42,264

 

Estimated recovery of impairment losses from insurance
(39,907
)
 

Amortization of favorable and unfavorable contracts, net
(1,434
)
 
(1,434
)
Amortization of deferred income related to key money
(3,040
)
 
(2,143
)
Stock-based compensation
4,769

 
4,015

Changes in assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
Prepaid expenses and other assets
(560
)
 
(735
)
Restricted cash
2,039

 
21

Due to/from hotel managers
(11,369
)
 
(13,092
)
Accounts payable and accrued expenses
7,975

 
5,572

Net cash provided by operating activities
149,448

 
152,545

Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
Hotel capital expenditures
(77,479
)
 
(78,652
)
Hotel acquisitions
(93,795
)
 

Net proceeds from sale of hotel properties

 
183,494

Change in restricted cash
2,371

 
3,083

Net cash (used in) provided by investing activities
(168,903
)
 
107,925

Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
Scheduled mortgage debt principal payments
(9,094
)
 
(8,384
)
Repayments of mortgage debt
(170,368
)
 
(249,793
)
Proceeds from senior unsecured term loan
200,000

 
100,000

Draws on senior unsecured credit facility

 
75,000

Repayments of senior unsecured credit facility

 
(75,000
)
Payment of financing costs
(1,579
)
 
(2,765
)
Payment of cash dividends
(75,451
)
 
(75,635
)
Repurchase of common stock
(529
)
 
(1,512
)
Net cash used in financing activities
(57,021
)
 
(238,089
)
Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents
(76,476
)
 
22,381

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
243,095

 
213,584

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
$
166,619

 
$
235,965







The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

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DIAMONDROCK HOSPITALITY COMPANY

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS - (CONTINUED)
(in thousands)
(unaudited)


Supplemental Disclosure of Cash Flow Information:
 
 
 
Cash paid for interest
$
27,183

 
$
31,856

Cash paid for income taxes
$
2,688

 
$
1,621

Non-cash Investing and Financing Activities:
 
 
 
Unpaid dividends
$
25,627

 
$
23,586

Buyer assumption of mortgage debt on sale of hotel included in sale proceeds
$

 
$
89,486
















































The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

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DIAMONDROCK HOSPITALITY COMPANY

Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)

1.
Organization

DiamondRock Hospitality Company (the “Company” or “we”) is a lodging-focused real estate company that owns a portfolio of premium hotels and resorts. Our hotels are concentrated in key gateway cities and in destination resort locations and the majority of our hotels are operated under a brand owned by one of the leading global lodging brand companies (Marriott International, Inc. or Hilton Worldwide). We are an owner, as opposed to an operator, of the hotels in our portfolio. As an owner, we receive all of the operating profits or losses generated by our hotels after we pay fees to the hotel managers, which are based on the revenues and profitability of the hotels.

As of September 30, 2017, we owned 28 hotels with 9,630 guest rooms, located in the following markets: Atlanta, Georgia; Boston, Massachusetts (2); Burlington, Vermont; Charleston, South Carolina; Chicago, Illinois (2); Denver, Colorado (2); Fort Lauderdale, Florida; Fort Worth, Texas; Huntington Beach, California; Key West, Florida (2); New York, New York (4); Salt Lake City, Utah; San Diego, California; San Francisco, California; Sedona, Arizona (2); Sonoma, California; Washington D.C. (2); St. Thomas, U.S. Virgin Islands; and Vail, Colorado.

We conduct our business through a traditional umbrella partnership real estate investment trust, or UPREIT, in which our hotel properties are owned by our operating partnership, DiamondRock Hospitality Limited Partnership, or subsidiaries of our operating partnership. The Company is the sole general partner of our operating partnership and currently owns, either directly or indirectly, all of the limited partnership units of our operating partnership.

2.
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Basis of Presentation

We have condensed or omitted certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements presented in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles, or U.S. GAAP, in the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements. We believe the disclosures made are adequate to prevent the information presented from being misleading. However, the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto as of and for the year ended December 31, 2016, included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K filed on February 27, 2017.

In our opinion, the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments necessary to present fairly our financial position as of September 30, 2017, and the results of our operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, and cash flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016. Interim results are not necessarily indicative of full-year performance because of the impact of seasonal and short-term variations.

Our financial statements include all of the accounts of the Company and its subsidiaries in accordance with U.S. GAAP. All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. If the Company determines that it has an interest in a variable interest entity within the meaning of the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 810, Consolidation, the Company will consolidate the entity when it is determined to be the primary beneficiary of the entity. Our operating partnership meets the criteria of a variable interest entity. The Company is the primary beneficiary and, accordingly, we consolidate our operating partnership.

Property and Equipment

Investments in hotel properties, land, land improvements, building and furniture, fixtures and equipment and identifiable intangible assets are recorded at fair value upon acquisition. Property and equipment purchased after the hotel acquisition date is recorded at cost. Replacements and improvements are capitalized, while repairs and maintenance are expensed as incurred. Upon the sale or retirement of a fixed asset, the cost and related accumulated depreciation are removed from the Company’s accounts and any resulting gain or loss is included in the statements of operations.

Depreciation is computed using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets, generally 15 to 40 years for buildings, land improvements, and building improvements and 1 to 10 years for furniture, fixtures and equipment. Leasehold improvements are amortized over the shorter of the lease term or the useful lives of the related assets.

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We review our investments in hotel properties for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value of the hotel properties may not be recoverable. Events or circumstances that may cause a review include, but are not limited to, adverse changes in the demand for lodging at the properties due to declining national or local economic conditions and/or new hotel construction in markets where the hotels are located. When such conditions exist, management performs an analysis to determine if the estimated undiscounted future cash flows from operations and the proceeds from the ultimate disposition of a hotel, less costs to sell, exceed its carrying value. If the estimated undiscounted future cash flows are less than the carrying amount of the asset, an adjustment to reduce the carrying amount to the related hotel’s estimated fair market value is recorded and an impairment loss is recognized.

We will classify a hotel as held for sale in the period that we have made the decision to dispose of the hotel, a binding agreement to purchase the property has been signed under which the buyer has committed a significant amount of nonrefundable cash and no significant financing or other contingencies exist which could cause the transaction to not be completed in a timely manner. If these criteria are met, we will record an impairment loss if the fair value less costs to sell is lower than the carrying amount of the hotel and related assets and will cease recording depreciation expense. We will classify the assets and related liabilities as held for sale on the balance sheet.

Revenue Recognition

Revenues from operations of the hotels are recognized when the goods or services are provided. Revenues consist of room sales, food and beverage sales, and other hotel department revenues, such as telephone, parking, gift shop sales and resort fees.

Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing net income by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per share is calculated by dividing net income by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during the period plus other potentially dilutive securities such as equity awards or shares issuable in the event of conversion of operating partnership units. No adjustment is made for shares that are anti-dilutive during a period.

Stock-based Compensation

We account for stock-based employee compensation using the fair value based method of accounting. We record the cost of stock-based awards based on the grant-date fair value of the award. The vesting of the awards issued to officers and employees is based on either continued employment (time-based) or based on continued employment and the relative total shareholder returns of the Company or improvement in market share of the Company's hotels (performance-based). The cost of time-based awards and performance-based awards is recognized over the period during which an employee is required to provide service in exchange for the award, adjusted for forfeitures.

Income Taxes

We account for income taxes using the asset and liability method. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the estimated future tax consequences attributable to the differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates in effect for the year in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities from a change in tax rates is recognized in earnings during the period in which the new rate is enacted.

We have elected to be treated as a real estate investment trust (“REIT”) under the provisions of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the "Code"), which requires that we distribute at least 90% of our taxable income annually to our stockholders and comply with certain other requirements. In addition to paying federal and state taxes on any retained income, we may be subject to taxes on “built-in gains” on sales of certain assets. Our taxable REIT subsidiaries will generally be subject to federal, state, local, and/or foreign income taxes.

In order for the income from our hotel property investments to constitute “rents from real properties” for purposes of the gross income tests required for REIT qualification, the income we earn cannot be derived from the operation of any of our hotels. Therefore, we lease each of our hotel properties to a wholly owned subsidiary of Bloodstone TRS, Inc., our primary taxable REIT subsidiary, or TRS, except for the Frenchman’s Reef & Morning Star Marriott Beach Resort, which is owned by a Virgin Islands corporation, which we have elected to be treated as a TRS, and the L'Auberge de Sedona and Orchards Inn Sedona, which are each leased to a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company, which we have elected to be treated as a TRS.


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We had no accruals for tax uncertainties as of September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016.

Fair Value Measurements

In evaluating fair value, U.S. GAAP outlines a valuation framework and creates a fair value hierarchy that distinguishes between market assumptions based on market data (observable inputs) and a reporting entity’s own assumptions about market data (unobservable inputs). The hierarchy ranks the quality and reliability of inputs used to determine fair value, which are then classified and disclosed in one of the three categories. The three levels are as follows:

Level 1 - Inputs are quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities
Level 2 - Inputs include quoted prices in active markets for similar assets and liabilities, quoted prices for identical
or similar assets in markets that are not active and model-derived valuations whose inputs are observable
Level 3 - Model-derived valuations with unobservable inputs

Intangible Assets and Liabilities

Intangible assets and liabilities are recorded on non-market contracts assumed as part of the acquisition of certain hotels. We review the terms of agreements assumed in conjunction with the purchase of a hotel to determine if the terms are favorable or unfavorable compared to an estimated market agreement at the acquisition date. Favorable lease assets or unfavorable contract liabilities are recorded at the acquisition date and amortized using the straight-line method over the term of the agreement. We do not amortize intangible assets with indefinite useful lives, but we review these assets for impairment annually or at interim periods if events or circumstances indicate that the asset may be impaired.

Accounting for Impacts of Natural Disasters

Assets destroyed or damaged as a result of natural disasters or other involuntary events are written off or reduced in carrying value to their salvage value. When recovery of all or a portion of the amount of property damage loss or other covered expenses through insurance proceeds is demonstrated to be probable, a receivable is recorded and offsets the loss or expense up to the amount of the total loss or expense. No gain is recorded until all contingencies related to the insurance claim have been resolved. Income resulting from business interruption insurance is not recognized until all contingencies related to the insurance recoveries are resolved.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements

In January 2017, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2017-01, Business Combinations (Topic 805): Clarifying the Definition of a Business, which clarifies the definition of a business to assist entities with evaluating whether transactions should be accounted for as acquisitions of assets or business combinations. As a result of the standard, we anticipate that the majority of our hotel acquisitions will be considered asset purchases as opposed to business combinations. However, the determination will be made on a transaction-by-transaction basis and we do not expect the determination to materially change the recognition of the assets and liabilities acquired. This standard will be applied on a prospective basis and, therefore, it does not affect the accounting for any of our previous transactions. This standard will be effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017, although early adoption is permitted.

In November 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-18, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Restricted Cash, which requires that the statement of cash flows explain the change during the period in the total cash, cash equivalents, and amounts generally described as restricted cash or restricted cash equivalents. This standard will be effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017, although early adoption is permitted. We do not anticipate that this guidance will have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-15, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments, which clarifies and provides specific guidance on eight cash flow classification issues with an objective to reduce the current diversity in practice. This standard will be effective for annual periods beginning after December

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15, 2017, although early adoption is permitted. We do not anticipate that this guidance will have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-09, Compensation-Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting, which simplifies various aspects of how share-based payments are accounted for and presented in the financial statements. This standard requires companies to record all of the tax effects related to share-based payments through the income statement, allows companies to elect an accounting policy to either estimate the share based award forfeitures (and expense) or account for forfeitures (and expense) as they occur, and allows companies to withhold up to the maximum individual statutory tax rate the shares upon settlement of an award without causing the award to be classified as a liability. This guidance is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2016. We adopted ASU No. 2016-09 effective January 1, 2017 and it did not have a material impact on our financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), which primarily changes the lessee's accounting for operating leases by requiring recognition of lease right-of-use assets and lease liabilities. This standard is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018, with early adoption permitted. The primary impact of the new standard will be to the treatment of our ground leases, which represent a majority of all of our operating lease payments. We are evaluating the effect of ASU 2016-02 on our consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606), which affects virtually all aspects of an entity’s revenue recognition. The new standard sets forth five prescribed steps to determine the timing and amount of revenue to be recognized to appropriately depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. In August 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-14, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Deferral of the Effective Date, which deferred the effectiveness of ASU No. 2014-09 to reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017 and permitted early application for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016. By working in conjunction with our hotel operators, we have substantially completed our evaluation of the effect that ASU No. 2014-09 will have on our consolidated financial statements. Because of the short-term, day-to-day nature of our hotel revenues, we have determined that the pattern of revenue recognition will not change significantly. Furthermore, we do not expect the standard to significantly impact the recognition of or accounting for real estate sales to third parties, since we primarily dispose of real estate in exchange for cash with few contingencies.We will adopt the new standard on its effective date of January 1, 2018 under the cumulative effect transition method.

3.
Property and Equipment

Property and equipment as of September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016 consists of the following (in thousands):

 
September 30, 2017
 
December 31, 2016
Land
$
602,879

 
$
553,769

Land improvements
7,994

 
7,994

Buildings and site improvements
2,404,426

 
2,355,871

Furniture, fixtures and equipment
424,669

 
428,991

Construction in progress
13,459

 
35,253

 
3,453,427

 
3,381,878

Less: accumulated depreciation
(765,213
)
 
(735,202
)
 
$
2,688,214

 
$
2,646,676


As of September 30, 2017, we determined the carrying value of $1.8 million of construction in progress was not recoverable and we recorded a corresponding $1.8 million charge within impairment losses for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017.

As of September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, we had accrued capital expenditures of $4.4 million and $10.8 million, respectively.

Natural Disaster Impact

During September 2017, several of our hotels were impacted by the effects of Hurricanes Irma and Maria. Frenchman's Reef & Morning Star Marriott Beach Resort (“Frenchman's Reef”) located in St. Thomas, U.S. Virgin Islands sustained significant

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damage and is currently closed. We expect that Frenchman's Reef will remain closed through the end of 2018. The Inn at Key West and Sheraton Suites Key West located in Key West, Florida and the Westin Fort Lauderdale Beach Resort located in Fort Lauderdale, Florida were impacted by the effects of Hurricane Irma. Each of our Florida hotels closed in advance of the storm in order to comply with mandatory evacuation orders. The Westin Fort Lauderdale Beach Resort and Sheraton Suites Key West sustained minimal damage and reopened shortly after the storm, while the Inn at Key West sustained more substantial damage and remains closed. We expect the Inn at Key West to remain closed through the end of the first quarter of 2018.

We maintain property, casualty, flood, and business interruption insurance for each of our hotels with coverage up to $361 million for each covered event, subject to certain deductibles and sublimits. While it is expected that insurance proceeds will be sufficient to cover all or a substantial portion of the remediation costs and business interruption at these hotels, no determination has been made as to the total amount or timing of those payments.

As of September 30, 2017, we recognized a $40.5 million impairment loss for property damage, which consists of $85.6 million of property and equipment and $45.1 million of corresponding accumulated depreciation. We recorded a reduction to the impairment loss and a corresponding receivable of $39.9 million for the insurance proceeds that we believe are probable of receipt. The remaining impairment loss of $0.6 million relates to property damage at the Sheraton Suites Key West that does not exceed the insurance deductible. The receivable for insurance proceeds is included in prepaid and other assets on the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet. We believe these amounts to be recoverable by considering various factors, including discussions with our insurance providers, consideration of their financial strength, and review of our insurance provisions and limits. All of these amounts have been recorded based on preliminary estimates of the damage and corresponding insurance recovery. We will finalize the recorded amounts upon completion of our assessment in the fourth quarter of 2017.

4. Favorable Lease Assets

In connection with the acquisition of certain hotels, we have recognized intangible assets for favorable leases. Our favorable lease assets, net of accumulated amortization of $2.6 million and $2.3 million as of September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively, consist of the following (in thousands):
 
September 30, 2017
 
December 31, 2016
Westin Boston Waterfront Hotel Ground Lease
$
17,698

 
$
17,859

Orchards Inn Sedona Annex Sublease
8,967

 

Lexington Hotel New York Tenant Leases
130

 
154

 
$
26,795

 
$
18,013


Favorable lease assets are recorded at the acquisition date and are generally amortized using the straight-line method over the remaining non-cancelable term of the lease agreement. We recorded $0.1 million of amortization expense for each of the three months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016. We recorded $0.3 million and $0.2 million, respectively, of amortization expense for each of the nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016.

In connection with our acquisition of the Orchards Inn Sedona on February 28, 2017, we recorded a $9.1 million favorable lease asset. We determined the value using a discounted cash flow of the favorable difference between the contractual lease payments and estimated market rents. The market rents were estimated by a third-party valuation firm and the discount rate was estimated using a risk adjusted rate of return. See Note 9 for further discussion of this favorable lease asset.

5. Capital Stock

Common Shares

We are authorized to issue up to 400 million shares of common stock, $0.01 par value per share. Each outstanding share of common stock entitles the holder to one vote on all matters submitted to a vote of stockholders. Holders of our common stock are entitled to receive dividends out of assets legally available for the payment of dividends when authorized by our board of directors.

We have an “at-the-market” equity offering program (the “ATM program”), pursuant to which we may issue and sell shares of our common stock from time to time, having an aggregate offering price of up to $200 million. We have not sold any shares of our common stock during 2017 and there is $128.3 million remaining under the ATM program.

Our board of directors has approved a share repurchase program authorizing us to repurchase up to $150 million in shares of our common stock. Repurchases under this program are made in open market or privately negotiated transactions as permitted by federal securities laws and other legal requirements. This authority may be exercised from time to time and in such amounts as market conditions warrant, and subject to regulatory considerations. The timing, manner, price and actual number of shares repurchased depends on a variety of factors including stock price, corporate and regulatory requirements, market conditions, and other corporate liquidity requirements and priorities. The share repurchase program may be suspended or terminated at any time without prior notice. We have not repurchased any shares of our common stock during 2017 and we have $143.5 million of capacity remaining under our share repurchase program.

Dividends

We have paid the following dividends to holders of our common stock during 2017 as follows:
Payment Date
 
Record Date
 
Dividend
per Share
January 12, 2017

December 30, 2016

$
0.125

April 12, 2017

March 31, 2017

$
0.125

July 12, 2017
 
June 30, 2017
 
$
0.125

October 12, 2017
 
September 30, 2017
 
$
0.125


Preferred Shares

We are authorized to issue up to 10 million shares of preferred stock, $0.01 par value per share. Our board of directors is required to set for each class or series of preferred stock the terms, preferences, conversion or other rights, voting powers, restrictions, limitations as to dividends or other distributions, qualifications, and terms or conditions of redemption. As of September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, there were no shares of preferred stock outstanding.

Operating Partnership Units

Holders of operating partnership units have certain redemption rights, which would enable them to cause our operating partnership to redeem their units in exchange for cash per unit equal to the market price of our common stock, at the time of redemption, or, at our option for shares of our common stock on a one-for-one basis. The number of shares issuable upon exercise of the redemption rights will be adjusted upon the occurrence of stock splits, mergers, consolidations or similar pro-rata share transactions, which otherwise would have the effect of diluting the ownership interests of the limited partners or our stockholders. As of September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, there were no operating partnership units held by unaffiliated third parties.

6. Stock Incentive Plans

We are authorized to issue up to 6,082,664 shares of our common stock under our 2016 Equity Incentive Plan (the "2016 Plan"), of which we have issued or committed to issue 447,089 shares as of September 30, 2017. In addition to these shares, additional shares of common stock could be issued in connection with the performance stock unit awards as further described

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below. The 2016 Plan replaced the 2004 Stock Option and Incentive Plan, as amended (the "2004 Plan"). We no longer make share grants and issuances under the 2004 Plan, although awards previously made under the 2004 Plan that are outstanding will remain in effect in accordance with the terms of that plan and the applicable award agreements.

Restricted Stock Awards

Restricted stock awards issued to our officers and employees generally vest over a three-year period from the date of the grant based on continued employment. We measure compensation expense for the restricted stock awards based upon the fair market value of our common stock at the date of grant. Compensation expense is recognized on a straight-line basis over the vesting period and is included in corporate expenses in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations. A summary of our restricted stock awards from January 1, 2017 to September 30, 2017 is as follows:
 
Number of
Shares
 
Weighted-
Average Grant
Date Fair
Value
Unvested balance at January 1, 2017
567,540

 
$
10.62

Granted
324,502

 
11.19

Vested
(244,411
)
 
11.29

Forfeited
(16,669
)
 
10.80

Unvested balance at September 30, 2017
630,962

 
$
10.66


The remaining share awards are expected to vest as follows: 287,148 shares during 2018, 227,699 shares during 2019, and 116,115 during 2020. As of September 30, 2017, the unrecognized compensation cost related to restricted stock awards was $4.9 million and the weighted-average period over which the unrecognized compensation expense will be recorded is approximately 24 months. We recorded $0.8 million and $0.5 million, respectively, of compensation expense related to restricted stock awards for the three months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016. We recorded $2.3 million and $2.1 million, respectively, of compensation expense related to restricted stock awards for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016.

Performance Stock Units

Performance stock units (“PSUs”) are restricted stock units that vest three years from the date of grant. Each executive officer is granted a target number of PSUs (the “PSU Target Award”). For the PSUs issued in 2014 and 2015 and vesting in 2017 and 2018, respectively, the actual number of shares of common stock issued to each executive officer is subject to the achievement of certain levels of total stockholder return relative to the total stockholder return of a peer group of publicly traded lodging REITs over a three-year performance period. There will be no payout of shares of our common stock if our total stockholder return falls below the 30th percentile of the total stockholder returns of the peer group. The maximum number of shares of common stock issued to an executive officer is equal to 150% of the PSU Target Award and is earned if our total stockholder return is equal to or greater than the 75th percentile of the total stockholder returns of the peer group. For the PSUs issued in 2016 and vesting in 2019, the calculation of total stockholder return relative to the total stockholder return of a peer group over a three-year performance period remained in effect for 75% of the number of PSUs to be earned in the performance period. The remaining 25% is determined based on achieving improvement in market share for each of our hotels over the three-year performance period. For the PSUs issued in 2017 and vesting in 2020, the calculation of total stockholder return relative to the total stockholder return of a peer group over a three-year performance period applies to 50% of the number of PSUs to be earned in the performance period. The remaining 50% is determined based on achieving improvement in market share for each of our hotels over the three-year performance period.

We measure compensation expense for the PSUs based upon the fair market value of the award at the grant date. Compensation expense is recognized on a straight-line basis over the three-year performance period and is included in corporate expenses in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations. The grant date fair value of the portion of the PSUs based on our relative total stockholder return is determined using a Monte Carlo simulation performed by a third-party valuation firm. The grant date fair value of the portion of the PSUs based on improvement in market share for each of our hotels is the closing price of our common stock on the grant date.

On February 27, 2017, our board of directors granted 266,009 PSUs to our executive officers. The grant date fair value of the portion of the PSUs based on our relative total stockholder return was $10.89 using the assumptions of volatility of 26.7% and a risk-free rate of 1.46%. The grant date fair value of the portion of the PSUs based on hotel market share was $11.20, the closing stock price of our common stock on such date.

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A summary of our PSUs from January 1, 2017 to September 30, 2017 is as follows:
 
Number of
Target Units
 
Weighted-
Average Grant
Date Fair
Value
Unvested balance at January 1, 2017
686,684

 
$
10.65

Granted
266,009

 
11.04

Additional units from dividends
24,703

 
11.21

Vested (1)
(200,374
)
 
12.15

Unvested balance at September 30, 2017
777,022

 
$
10.41

______________________
(1)
There was no payout of shares of our common stock for PSUs that vested on February 27, 2017, as our total stockholder return fell below the 30th percentile of the total stockholder returns of the peer group over the three-year performance period.

The remaining target units are expected to vest as follows: 213,772 units during 2018, 291,257 units during 2019 and 271,993 units during 2020. The number of shares earned upon vesting is subject to the attainment of the performance goals described above. As of September 30, 2017, the unrecognized compensation cost related to the PSUs was $3.8 million and is expected to be recognized on a straight-line basis over a weighted average period of 24 months. We recorded $0.6 million and $0.1 million, respectively, of compensation expense related to the PSUs for the three months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016. We recorded $1.8 million and $1.4 million, respectively, of compensation expense related to the PSUs for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016.

7. Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing net income available to common stockholders by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding. Diluted earnings per share is calculated by dividing net income available to common stockholders that has been adjusted for dilutive securities, by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding including dilutive securities.

The following is a reconciliation of the calculation of basic and diluted earnings per share (in thousands, except share and per share data):
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
Numerator:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
$
21,623

 
$
29,937

 
$
67,105

 
$
90,890

Denominator:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted-average number of common shares outstanding—basic
200,834,910

 
201,297,846

 
200,767,104

 
201,188,563

Effect of dilutive securities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unvested restricted common stock
173,557

 
58,115

 
170,612

 

Shares related to unvested PSUs
415,933

 
383,643

 
415,933

 
383,643

Weighted-average number of common shares outstanding—diluted
201,424,400

 
201,739,604

 
201,353,649

 
201,572,206

Earnings per share:


 
 
 


 


Basic earnings per share
$
0.11

 
$
0.15

 
$
0.33

 
$
0.45

Diluted earnings per share
$
0.11

 
$
0.15

 
$
0.33

 
$
0.45


We did not include unexercised stock appreciation rights of 20,770 for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016 as they would be anti-dilutive.

8. Debt


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The following table sets forth information regarding the Company’s debt as of September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016 (dollars in thousands):
 
 
 
 
 
 
Principal Balance as of
Property
 
Interest Rate
 
Maturity Date
 
September 30, 2017
 
December 31, 2016
Lexington Hotel New York
 
LIBOR + 2.25%
 
October 2017 (1)
 
$

 
$
170,368

Salt Lake City Marriott Downtown
 
4.25%
 
November 2020
 
57,122

 
58,331

Westin Washington D.C. City Center
 
3.99%
 
January 2023
 
65,346

 
66,848

The Lodge at Sonoma, a Renaissance Resort & Spa
 
3.96%
 
April 2023
 
28,432

 
28,896

Westin San Diego
 
3.94%
 
April 2023
 
65,220

 
66,276

Courtyard Manhattan / Midtown East
 
4.40%
 
August 2024
 
84,421

 
85,451

Renaissance Worthington
 
3.66%
 
May 2025
 
84,504

 
85,000

JW Marriott Denver at Cherry Creek
 
4.33%
 
July 2025
 
63,790

 
64,579

Boston Westin
 
4.36%
 
November 2025
 
198,922

 
201,470

Unamortized debt issuance costs
 
 
 
 
 
(4,989
)
 
(6,052
)
Total mortgage debt, net of unamortized debt issuance costs
 
 
 
 
 
642,768

 
821,167

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unsecured term loan
 
LIBOR + 1.45% (2)
 
May 2021
 
100,000

 
100,000

Unsecured term loan
 
LIBOR + 1.45% (3)
 
April 2022
 
200,000

 

Unamortized debt issuance costs
 
 
 
 
 
(1,963
)
 
(628
)
Unsecured term loan, net of unamortized debt issuance costs
 
 
 
 
 
298,037

 
99,372

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Senior unsecured credit facility
 
LIBOR + 1.50%
 
May 2020 (4)
 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total debt, net of unamortized debt issuance costs
 
 
 
 
 
$
940,805

 
$
920,539

Weighted-Average Interest Rate
 
3.75%
 
 
 
 
 
 
_______________________

(1)
The mortgage loan was repaid on April 26, 2017.
(2)
The interest rate as of September 30, 2017 was 2.68%.
(3)
The interest rate as of September 30, 2017 was 2.69%.
(4)
The credit facility may be extended for an additional year upon the payment of applicable fees and the satisfaction of certain customary conditions.

Mortgage Debt

We have incurred limited recourse, property specific mortgage debt secured by certain of our hotels. In the event of default, the lender may only foreclose on the secured assets; however, in the event of fraud, misapplication of funds or other customary recourse provisions, the lender may seek payment from us. As of September 30, 2017, eight of our 28 hotels were secured by mortgage debt. Our mortgage debt contains certain property specific covenants and restrictions, including minimum debt service coverage ratios that trigger “cash trap” provisions as well as restrictions on incurring additional debt without lender consent. As of September 30, 2017, we were in compliance with the financial covenants of our mortgage debt.

On April 26, 2017, we repaid the mortgage loan secured by the Lexington Hotel New York with proceeds from a new unsecured term loan, which is discussed further below. The mortgage loan had an outstanding principal balance of $170.4 million at repayment.

Senior Unsecured Credit Facility


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We are party to a senior unsecured credit facility with a capacity up to $300 million. The maturity date is May 2020 and may be extended for an additional year upon the payment of applicable fees and the satisfaction of certain customary conditions. The facility also includes an accordion feature to expand up to $600 million, subject to lender consent. The interest rate on the facility is based upon LIBOR, plus an applicable margin based upon the Company’s leverage ratio, as follows:
Leverage Ratio
 
Applicable Margin
Less than or equal to 35%
 
1.50
%
Greater than 35% but less than or equal to 45%
 
1.65
%
Greater than 45% but less than or equal to 50%
 
1.80
%
Greater than 50% but less than or equal to 55%
 
2.00
%
Greater than 55%
 
2.25
%

In addition to the interest payable on amounts outstanding under the facility, we were required to pay an amount equal to 0.20% of the unused portion of the facility if the average usage of the facility was greater than 50% or 0.30% of the unused portion of the facility if the average usage of the facility was less than or equal to 50%.

The facility also contains various corporate financial covenants. A summary of the most restrictive covenants is as follows:
 
 
 
Actual at
 
Covenant
 
September 30, 2017
Maximum leverage ratio (1)
60%
 
24.4%
Minimum fixed charge coverage ratio (2)
1.50x
 
4.46x
Minimum tangible net worth (3)
$1.91 billion
 
$2.57 billion
Secured recourse indebtedness
Less than 45% of Total Asset Value
 
21.2%
_____________________________
(1)
Leverage ratio is net indebtedness, as defined in the credit agreement, divided by total asset value, defined in the credit agreement as the value of our owned hotels based on hotel net operating income divided by a defined capitalization rate.
(2)
Fixed charge coverage ratio is Adjusted EBITDA, generally defined in the credit agreement as EBITDA less FF&E reserves, for the most recently ending 12 months, to fixed charges, which is defined in the credit agreement as interest expense, all regularly scheduled principal payments and payments on capitalized lease obligations, for the same most recently ending 12-month period.
(3)
Tangible net worth, as defined in the credit agreement, is (i) total gross book value of all assets, exclusive of depreciation and amortization, less intangible assets, total indebtedness, and all other liabilities, plus (ii) 75% of net proceeds from future equity issuances.

As of September 30, 2017, we had no borrowings outstanding under the facility and the Company's leverage ratio was 24.4%. Accordingly, interest on our borrowings under the facility, if any, will be based on LIBOR plus 150 basis points for the following quarter. We incurred interest and unused credit facility fees on the facility of $0.2 million and $0.2 million for the three months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively. We incurred interest and unused credit facility fees on the facility of $0.7 million and $1.1 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively.

Unsecured Term Loans

We are party to a five-year $100 million unsecured term loan. On April 26, 2017, we closed on a new five-year $200 million unsecured term loan. A portion of the proceeds from the new term loan was used to repay the $170.4 million mortgage loan secured by the Lexington Hotel New York.

The financial covenants of the term loans are consistent with the covenants on our senior unsecured credit facility, which are described above. The interest rate on each of the term loans is based on a pricing grid ranging from 145 to 220 basis points over LIBOR, as follows:
Leverage Ratio
 
Applicable Margin
Less than or equal to 35%
 
1.45
%
Greater than 35% but less than or equal to 45%
 
1.60
%
Greater than 45% but less than or equal to 50%
 
1.75
%
Greater than 50% but less than or equal to 55%
 
1.95
%
Greater than 55%
 
2.20
%

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As of September 30, 2017, the Company's leverage ratio was 24.4%. Accordingly, interest on our borrowings under the term loans will be based on LIBOR plus 145 basis points for the following quarter. We incurred interest on the term loans of $2.1 million and $0.5 million for the three months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively. We incurred interest on the term loans of $4.2 million and $0.8 million or the nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively.

9. Acquisitions

On February 28, 2017, we acquired the 88-room L'Auberge de Sedona and the 70-room Orchards Inn Sedona, each located in Sedona, Arizona, for a total contractual purchase price of $97 million. The acquisition was funded with corporate cash. The hotels are managed by IMH Financial Corporation pursuant to a new management agreement with an initial term of five years, which is terminable at our discretion beginning December 31, 2017. The management agreement provides for a base management fee of 2.45% of gross revenues in 2017, 2.70% of gross revenues in 2018, and 3.0% of gross revenues in 2019 and through the end of the term. The management agreement also provides for an incentive management fee of 12% of hotel operating profit above an owner's priority determined in accordance with the terms of the management agreement in 2017, increasing to 15% by 2020.

We lease the buildings and sublease the underlying land containing 28 of the 70 rooms at the Orchards Inn Sedona, which expires in 2070, including all extension options. We reviewed the terms of the annex sublease in conjunction with the hotel acquisition accounting and concluded that the terms are favorable to us compared with a typical current market lease. As a result, we recorded a $9.1 million favorable lease asset that will be amortized through 2070.

The following table summarizes the fair value of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed in our acquisitions (in thousands):
 
 
L'Auberge de Sedona
 
Orchards Inn Sedona
Land
 
$
39,384

 
$
9,726

Building and improvements
 
22,204

 
10,180

Furnitures, fixtures and equipment
 
4,376

 
1,982

    Total fixed assets
 
65,964

 
21,888

Favorable lease asset
 

 
9,065

Other assets and liabilities, net
 
(2,710
)
 
(412
)
Total
 
$
63,254

 
$
30,541


Acquired properties are included in our results of operations from the date of acquisition. The following unaudited pro forma financial information presents our results of operations (in thousands, except per share data) as if the hotels were acquired on January 1, 2016. The comparable information is not necessarily indicative of the results that actually would have occurred nor does it indicate future operating results.
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
Revenues
$
223,486

 
$
227,110

 
$
666,389

 
$
710,039

Net income
$
21,623

 
$
30,455

 
$
66,830

 
$
92,800

Earnings per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  Basic earnings per share
$
0.11

 
$
0.15

 
$
0.33

 
$
0.46

  Diluted earnings per share
$
0.11

 
$
0.15

 
$
0.33

 
$
0.46


For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017, our condensed consolidated statements of operations include $7.2 million and $20.0 million of revenues, respectively, and $0.6 million and $3.8 million of net income, respectively, related to the operations of the L'Auberge de Sedona and Orchards Inn Sedona.

10. Fair Value of Financial Instruments

The fair value of certain financial assets and liabilities and other financial instruments as of September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, in thousands, is as follows:

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September 30, 2017
 
December 31, 2016
 
Carrying
Amount (1)
 
Fair Value
 
Carrying
Amount (1)
 
Fair Value
Debt
$
940,805

 
$
951,552

 
$
920,539

 
$
906,156

_______________

(1)
The carrying amount of debt is net of unamortized debt issuance costs.

The fair value of our mortgage debt is a Level 2 measurement under the fair value hierarchy (see Note 2). We estimate the fair value of our mortgage debt by discounting the future cash flows of each instrument at estimated market rates. The carrying value of our other financial instruments approximate fair value due to the short-term nature of these financial instruments.

11. Relationships with Managers

In August 2017, we terminated the management agreement with Marriott International, Inc. ("Marriott") for the Courtyard Manhattan/Midtown East. In connection with the termination of Marriott, we recognized $1.9 million of accelerated amortization of key money, which is included in management fees on the accompanying consolidated statements of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017. We entered into a new 10-year management agreement with HEI Hotels & Resorts to operate the hotel and a 25-year franchise agreement with Marriott to continue the hotel's Courtyard brand affiliation. The management agreement provides for a base management fee of 1.5% of gross revenues in 2017 and 1.75% of gross revenues thereafter. The management agreement also provides for an incentive management fee of 15% of hotel operating profit above an owner's priority determined in accordance with the terms of the management agreement. Total incentive management fees are capped at 1% of gross revenues. The employees of the hotel are now represented by a labor union and subject to a collective bargaining agreement. The franchise agreement provides for a franchise fee of 6% of gross room sales.
In October 2017, we terminated the management agreement with Joie de Vivre Hotels for the Hotel Rex, located in San Francisco, California. We entered into a ten-year management agreement with Viceroy Hotels & Resorts to operate the hotel. The management agreement provides for a base management fee of 2.75% of gross revenues. The management agreement also provides for an incentive management fee of 15% of hotel operating profit above an owner's priority determined in accordance with the terms of the management agreement. Total incentive management fees are capped at 1.0% of gross revenues. The management agreement provides for one five-year extension of the term at the manager's discretion.
Frenchman's Reef sustained significant hurricane damage during September 2017. Under the terms of the management agreement, either party may terminate the management agreement in the event that the catastrophic damage is 30% or more of the replacement cost. We estimate the catastrophic damage exceeds 30% of replacement cost. We are currently evaluating our options with respect to the resort and have not made a decision on whether to terminate the management agreement.
12. Commitments and Contingencies

Litigation

We are subject to various claims, lawsuits and legal proceedings, including routine litigation arising in the ordinary course of business, regarding the operation of our hotels and company matters. While it is not possible to ascertain the ultimate outcome of such matters, management believes that the aggregate amount of such liabilities, if any, in excess of amounts covered by insurance will not have a material adverse impact on our financial condition or results of operations. The outcome of claims, lawsuits and legal proceedings brought against the Company, however, is subject to significant uncertainties.

Other Matters

As previously reported, in February 2016, the Company was notified by the franchisor of one of its hotels that as a result of low guest satisfaction scores, the Company was in default under the franchise agreement for that hotel. The Company continues to proactively work with the franchisor and the manager of the hotel and has developed and executed a plan aimed to improve guest satisfaction scores. To date, the guest satisfaction scores have improved so that the Company is no longer in default under the franchise agreement. However, if the guest satisfaction scores were to decrease again, the franchisor may again notify the Company that it is in default under the franchise agreement and that the franchisor is reserving all of its rights under the franchise agreement, including the right to terminate the franchise agreement in the future.

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While the Company continues to work diligently with the franchisor and manager to maintain the guest satisfaction scores at a level such that the Company does not fall back into default, no assurance can be given that the Company will be successful. If the Company is not successful, the franchisor may seek to terminate the franchise agreement and assert a claim it is owed a termination fee, including a payment for liquidated damages, which could result in a material adverse effect on the Company's business, financial condition or results of operation.


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Item 2.
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

This report contains certain forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. The Company intends such forward-looking statements to be covered by the safe harbor provisions for forward-looking statements contained in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and includes this statement for purposes of complying with these safe harbor provisions. These forward-looking statements are generally identifiable by use of the words “believe,” “expect,” “intend,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “project” or similar expressions, whether in the negative or affirmative. Forward-looking statements are based on management’s current expectations and assumptions and are not guarantees of future performance. Factors that may cause actual results to differ materially from current expectations include, but are not limited to, the risks discussed herein and the risk factors discussed from time to time in our periodic filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016 as updated by our Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q. Accordingly, there is no assurance that the Company’s expectations will be realized, including as it relates to the estimated cost and duration of renovation or restoration projects and estimated insurance recoveries. Except as otherwise required by the federal securities laws, the Company disclaims any obligations or undertaking to publicly release any updates or revisions to any forward-looking statement contained in this report to reflect events, circumstances or changes in expectations after the date of this report.

Overview

DiamondRock Hospitality Company is a lodging-focused Maryland corporation operating as a real estate investment trust (“REIT”). As of September 30, 2017, we owned a portfolio of 28 premium hotels and resorts that contain 9,630 guest rooms located in 18 different markets in North America and the U.S. Virgin Islands. As an owner, rather than an operator, of lodging properties, we receive all of the operating profits or losses generated by our hotels after the payment of fees due to hotel managers, which are calculated based on the revenues and profitability of each hotel.

Our vision is to be a highly professional public lodging REIT that delivers long-term returns for our stockholders which exceed long-term returns generated by our peers. Our goal is to deliver long-term stockholder returns through a combination of dividends and enduring capital appreciation. Our strategy is to utilize disciplined capital allocation, focus on high quality lodging properties in North American markets with superior growth prospects and high barriers-to-entry, aggressively asset manage those hotels, and employ conservative amounts of leverage.

Our primary business is to acquire, own, asset manage and renovate full-service hotel properties in the United States. Our portfolio is concentrated in key gateway cities and destination resort locations. Each of our hotels is managed by a third party and a substantial number of our hotels are operated under a brand owned by Marriott International, Inc. or Hilton Worldwide.

We critically evaluate each of our hotels to ensure that we own a portfolio of hotels that conforms to our vision, supports our mission and corresponds with our strategy. On a regular basis, we analyze our portfolio to identify opportunities to invest capital in certain projects or market non-core assets for sale in order to increase our portfolio quality. We are committed to a conservative capital structure with prudent leverage. We regularly assess the availability and affordability of capital in order to maximize stockholder value and minimize enterprise risk. In addition, we are committed to following sound corporate governance practices and to being open and transparent in our communications with our stockholders.

Key Indicators of Financial Condition and Operating Performance

We use a variety of operating and other information to evaluate the financial condition and operating performance of our business. These key indicators include financial information that is prepared in accordance with U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles ("U.S. GAAP"), as well as other financial information that is not prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP. In addition, we use other information that may not be financial in nature, including statistical information and comparative data. We use this information to measure the performance of individual hotels, groups of hotels and/or our business as a whole. We periodically compare historical information to our internal budgets as well as industry-wide information. These key indicators include:

Occupancy percentage;

Average Daily Rate (or ADR);

Revenue per Available Room (or RevPAR);

Earnings Before Interest, Income Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization (or EBITDA) and Adjusted EBITDA; and

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Funds From Operations (or FFO) and Adjusted FFO.

Occupancy, ADR and RevPAR are commonly used measures within the hotel industry to evaluate operating performance. RevPAR, which is calculated as the product of ADR and occupancy percentage, is an important statistic for monitoring operating performance at the individual hotel level and across our business as a whole. We evaluate individual hotel RevPAR performance on an absolute basis with comparisons to budget and prior periods, as well as on a company-wide and regional basis. ADR and RevPAR include only room revenue. Room revenue comprised approximately 73% of our total revenues for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 and is dictated by demand, as measured by occupancy percentage, pricing, as measured by ADR, and our available supply of hotel rooms.

Our ADR, occupancy percentage and RevPAR performance may be impacted by macroeconomic factors such as U.S. economic conditions generally, regional and local employment growth, personal income and corporate earnings, office vacancy rates and business relocation decisions, airport and other business and leisure travel, increased use of lodging alternatives, new hotel construction and the pricing strategies of our competitors. In addition, our ADR, occupancy percentage and RevPAR performance is dependent on the continued success of our hotels' global brands.

We also use EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA, FFO and Adjusted FFO as measures of the financial performance of our business. See “Non-GAAP Financial Measures.”

Our Hotels

The following table sets forth certain operating information for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 for each of our hotels.

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Property
 
Location
 
Number of
Rooms
 
Occupancy (%)
 
ADR($)
 
RevPAR($)
 
% Change
from 2016 RevPAR (1)
Chicago Marriott Downtown
 
Chicago, Illinois
 
1,200

 
73.1
%
 
$
218.14

 
$
159.44

 
4.5
 %
Westin Boston Waterfront Hotel
 
Boston, Massachusetts
 
793

 
79.1
%
 
254.66

 
201.37

 
1.5
 %
Lexington Hotel New York
 
New York, New York
 
725

 
92.1
%
 
231.36

 
213.14

 
2.3
 %
Salt Lake City Marriott Downtown
 
Salt Lake City, Utah
 
510

 
79.3
%
 
167.03

 
132.49

 
15.8
 %
Renaissance Worthington
 
Fort Worth, Texas
 
504

 
75.4
%
 
182.09

 
137.36

 
18.8
 %
Frenchman’s Reef & Morning Star Marriott Beach Resort (2)
 
St. Thomas, U.S. Virgin Islands
 
502

 
87.8
%
 
282.62

 
248.11

 
11.4
 %
Westin San Diego
 
San Diego, California
 
436

 
86.9
%
 
198.46

 
172.39

 
5.1
 %
Westin Fort Lauderdale Beach Resort
 
Fort Lauderdale, Florida
 
432

 
86.9
%
 
192.20

 
167.03

 
(7.7
)%
Westin Washington, D.C. City Center
 
Washington, D.C.
 
410

 
86.6
%
 
223.17

 
193.29

 
1.0
 %
Hilton Boston Downtown
 
Boston, Massachusetts
 
403

 
86.3
%
 
290.62

 
250.76

 
1.1
 %
Vail Marriott Mountain Resort & Spa
 
Vail, Colorado
 
344

 
75.0
%
 
282.34

 
211.68

 
6.2
 %
Marriott Atlanta Alpharetta
 
Atlanta, Georgia
 
318

 
76.3
%
 
168.15

 
128.27

 
(0.3
)%
Courtyard Manhattan/Midtown East
 
New York, New York
 
321

 
90.1
%
 
243.41

 
219.26

 
(5.0
)%
The Gwen Chicago
 
Chicago, Illinois
 
311

 
73.0
%
 
219.29

 
160.17

 
(0.1
)%
Hilton Garden Inn Times Square Central
 
New York, New York
 
282

 
97.0
%
 
227.06

 
220.20

 
(2.7
)%
Bethesda Marriott Suites
 
Bethesda, Maryland
 
272

 
75.6
%
 
170.12

 
128.53

 
5.5
 %
Hilton Burlington
 
Burlington, Vermont
 
258

 
81.5
%
 
180.10

 
146.86

 
 %
JW Marriott Denver at Cherry Creek
 
Denver, Colorado
 
196

 
81.1
%
 
262.32

 
212.70

 
(3.8
)%
Courtyard Manhattan/Fifth Avenue
 
New York, New York
 
189

 
89.1
%
 
249.08

 
221.86

 
0.6
 %
Sheraton Suites Key West
 
Key West, Florida
 
184

 
89.5
%
 
256.78

 
229.77

 
0.1
 %
The Lodge at Sonoma, a Renaissance Resort & Spa
 
Sonoma, California
 
182

 
65.1
%
 
326.04

 
212.12

 
(11.6
)%
Courtyard Denver Downtown
 
Denver, Colorado
 
177

 
81.0
%
 
207.87

 
168.46

 
(0.2
)%
Renaissance Charleston
 
Charleston, South Carolina
 
166

 
79.1
%
 
245.39

 
194.10

 
(4.3
)%
Shorebreak Hotel
 
Huntington Beach, California
 
157

 
76.3
%
 
244.28

 
186.38

 
(1.2
)%
Inn at Key West (2)
 
Key West, Florida
 
106

 
82.1
%
 
197.20

 
161.91

 
(10.7
)%
Hotel Rex
 
San Francisco, California
 
94

 
83.9
%
 
224.87

 
188.64

 
(5.8
)%
L'Auberge de Sedona (3)
 
Sedona, Arizona
 
88

 
76.8
%
 
551.56

 
423.72

 
19.3
 %
Orchards Inn Sedona (3)
 
Sedona, Arizona
 
70

 
84.1
%
 
231.35

 
194.50

 
12.1
 %
TOTAL/WEIGHTED AVERAGE
 
 
 
9,630

 
81.5
%
 
$
228.67

 
$
186.46

 
1.9
 %
____________________
(1) The percentage change from 2016 RevPAR reflects the comparable period in 2016 to our 2017 ownership period for our 2017 acquisitions.
(2) The hotel temporarily closed on September 6, 2017 due to Hurricane Irma. The percentage change from 2016 RevPAR reflects the comparable period in 2016 to the period in which the hotel was open from January 1, 2017 to September 5, 2017.
(3) The hotel was acquired on February 28, 2017. The operating statistics reflect the period from February 28, 2017 to September 30, 2017.


Update on on Impact from Natural Disasters

Frenchman's Reef & Morning Star Marriott Beach Resort. The hotel sustained significant hurricane damage during September 2017. The hotel closed on September 6, 2017 and is currently expected to remain closed through the end of 2018.

The Inn at Key West. The hotel sustained substantial wind and water-related damage from Hurricane Irma. The hotel closed on September 6, 2017 to comply with a mandatory evacuation order and is currently expected to remain closed through the end of the first quarter of 2018.
 
Sheraton Suites Key West. The hotel sustained minimal wind and water-related damage from Hurricane Irma. The hotel closed on September 6, 2017 to comply with a mandatory evacuation order and re-opened on September 16, 2017.

Westin Fort Lauderdale Beach Resort. The hotel experienced minimal water intrusion from Hurricane Irma. The hotel closed on September 7, 2017 to comply with a mandatory evacuation order and re-opened on September 12, 2017.


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The Lodge at Sonoma Renaissance Resort & Spa. The hotel was impacted by smoke infiltration during the recent wildfires and was closed from October 10, 2017 through October 19, 2017. The smoke infiltration has been remediated and the hotel re-opened on October 20, 2017.

Results of Operations

Comparison of the Three Months Ended September 30, 2017 to the Three Months Ended September 30, 2016

Revenue. Revenue consists primarily of the room, food and beverage and other operating revenues from our hotels, as follows (dollars in millions):
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
% Change
Rooms
$
168.0

 
$
163.2

 
2.9
 %
Food and beverage
42.7

 
44.0

 
(3.0
)%
Other
12.8

 
13.0

 
(1.5
)%
Total revenues
$
223.5

 
$
220.2

 
1.5
 %

Our total revenues increased $3.3 million from $220.2 million for the three months ended September 30, 2016 to $223.5 million for the three months ended September 30, 2017. This increase includes amounts that are not comparable quarter-over-quarter as follows:

$0.1 million decrease from the Hilton Garden Inn Chelsea/New York City, which was sold on July 7, 2016.
$5.2 million increase from the L'Auberge de Sedona, which was acquired on February 28, 2017.
$2.0 million increase from the Orchards Inn Sedona, which was acquired on February 28, 2017.

Excluding these non-comparable amounts our total revenues decreased $3.8 million, or 1.7%.

The following are key hotel operating statistics for the three months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016. The 2016 amounts reflect the period in 2016 comparable to our ownership period in 2017 for the L'Auberge de Sedona and Orchards Inn Sedona and exclude the hotels sold in 2016.
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
% Change
Occupancy %
85.4
%
 
84.0
%
 
1.4 percentage points

ADR
$
227.75

 
$
224.91

 
1.3
%
RevPAR
$
194.42

 
$
188.88

 
2.9
%

Excluding non-comparable amounts from our acquisitions and dispositions, the increase in room revenue is a result of an 8.0% increase in the business transient segment and a 2.5% increase in the group segment, partially offset by a 32.6% decrease in the contract segment and a 5.1% decrease in the leisure transient segment.

Food and beverage revenues decreased $1.3 million from the three months ended September 30, 2016, which includes amounts that are not comparable quarter-over-quarter as follows:

$1.7 million increase from the L'Auberge de Sedona, which was acquired on February 28, 2017.
$0.9 million increase from the Orchards Inn Sedona, which was acquired on February 28, 2017.

Excluding these non-comparable amounts, food and beverage revenues decreased $3.9 million, or 9.0%, primarily due to a decrease in banquet and catering revenues.

Excluding non-comparable amounts from our acquisitions and dispositions, other revenues, which primarily represent spa, parking, resort fees and attrition and cancellation fees, decreased by $0.9 million, primarily due to a decrease in tenant lease income and parking revenue.

Hotel operating expenses. The operating expenses consisted of the following (dollars in millions):

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Three Months Ended September 30,
 
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
% Change (B)/W
Rooms departmental expenses
$
41.9

 
$
39.8

 
5.3
 %
Food and beverage departmental expenses
30.8

 
29.1

 
5.8

Other departmental expenses
3.1

 
3.0

 
3.3

General and administrative
19.2

 
17.7

 
8.5

Utilities
6.5

 
6.7

 
(3.0
)
Repairs and maintenance
8.8

 
8.6

 
2.3

Sales and marketing
15.2

 
14.8

 
2.7

Franchise fees
6.2

 
5.5

 
12.7

Base management fees
3.4

 
5.4

 
(37.0
)
Incentive management fees
2.0

 
2.3

 
(13.0
)
Property taxes
13.1

 
12.3

 
6.5

Other fixed charges
3.2

 
2.8

 
14.3

Ground rent—Contractual
1.0

 
1.0

 

Ground rent—Non-cash
1.5

 
1.6

 
(6.3
)
Total hotel operating expenses
$
155.9

 
$
150.6

 
3.5
 %

Our hotel operating expenses increased $5.3 million from $150.6 million for the three months ended September 30, 2016 to $155.9 million for the three months ended September 30, 2017. The increase in hotel operating expenses includes amounts that are not comparable quarter-over-quarter as follows:

$0.1 million decrease from the Hilton Garden Inn Chelsea/New York City, which was sold on July 7, 2016.
$4.3 million increase from the L'Auberge de Sedona, which was acquired on February 28, 2017.
$1.5 million increase from the Orchards Inn Sedona, which was acquired on February 28, 2017.

Excluding the non-comparable amounts, hotel operating expenses decreased $0.4 million, or 0.3%, from the three months ended September 30, 2016.

In connection with the change in hotel manager of the Courtyard Manhattan/Midtown East, we recognized $1.9 million of accelerated amortization of key money during the three months ended September 30, 2017. This amortization reduced base management fees during the three months ended September 30, 2017.

Depreciation and amortization. Depreciation and amortization is recorded on our hotel buildings over 40 years for the periods subsequent to acquisition. Depreciable lives of hotel furniture, fixtures and equipment are estimated as the time period between the acquisition date and the date that the hotel furniture, fixtures and equipment will be replaced. Our depreciation and amortization expense increased $1.5 million, or 6.3%, from the three months ended September 30, 2016.

Impairment losses. We recorded impairment losses totaling $2.4 million for the three months ended September 30, 2017. The loss is comprised of $1.8 million from the write-off of construction in progress that was determined not to be recoverable and $0.6 million from the write-off of property and equipment damaged during Hurricane Irma in September 2017.

Hotel acquisition costs. During the three months ended September 30, 2017, we recorded a refund of $0.2 million of transfer taxes related to the acquisition of the Hotel Rex.

Corporate expenses. Corporate expenses principally consist of employee-related costs, including base payroll, bonus and restricted stock. Corporate expenses also include corporate operating costs, professional fees and directors’ fees. Our corporate expenses increased $1.4 million, from $4.7 million for the three months ended September 30, 2016 to $6.1 million for the three months ended September 30, 2017. The increase is primarily due to the reversal of $0.7 million of previously recognized compensation expense resulting from the forfeiture of equity awards related to the resignation of our former Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer during the three months ended September 30, 2016 and an increase in other employee compensation during the three months ended September 30, 2017.

Interest expense. Our interest expense was $9.7 million and $9.5 million for the three months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively, and comprises the following (in millions):

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Three Months Ended September 30,
 
2017
 
2016
Mortgage debt interest
$
6.9

 
$
8.2

Term loan interest
2.1

 
0.5

Credit facility interest and unused fees
0.2

 
0.3

Amortization of deferred financing costs and debt premium
0.5

 
0.5

 
$
9.7

 
$
9.5


The decrease in mortgage debt interest expense related to the repayment of the mortgage loan secured by the Lexington Hotel, which was prepaid on April 26, 2017. The increase in term loan interest expense is primarily related to the interest expense on our $200 million unsecured term loan entered into in April 2017.

Income taxes. We recorded income tax expense of $3.4 million for the three months ended September 30, 2017 and an income tax expense of $4.4 million for the three months ended September 30, 2016. The income tax expense for the three months ended September 30, 2017 includes $3.4 million of income tax expense on the $8.4 million pre-tax income of our taxable REIT subsidiaries ("TRS"), $0.1 million of state franchise taxes, offset by $0.1 million of income tax benefit incurred on the $1.5 million pre-tax loss of the TRS that owns Frenchman's Reef. The income tax expense for the three months ended September 30, 2016 includes $4.3 million of income tax expense incurred on the $10.5 million pre-tax income of our TRS, less than $0.1 million of income tax expense incurred on the $0.1 million pre-tax income of the TRS that owns Frenchman's Reef, and $0.1 million of state franchise taxes.

Comparison of the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2017 to the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2016

Revenue. Revenue consists primarily of the room, food and beverage and other operating revenues from our hotels, as follows (dollars in millions):
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
% Change
Rooms
$
483.3

 
$
498.7

 
(3.1
)%
Food and beverage
140.2

 
151.8

 
(7.6
)%
Other
39.5

 
39.4

 
0.3
 %
Total revenues
$
663.0

 
$
689.9

 
(3.9
)%

Our total revenues decreased $26.9 million from $689.9 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 to $663.0 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2017. This decrease includes amounts that are not comparable period-over-period as follows:

$14.1 million decrease from the Orlando Airport Marriott, which was sold on June 8, 2016.
$24.8 million decrease from the Minneapolis Hilton, which was sold on June 30, 2016.
$6.4 million decrease from the Hilton Garden Inn Chelsea/New York City, which was sold on July 7, 2016.
$14.6 million increase from the L'Auberge de Sedona, which was acquired on February 28, 2017.
$5.4 million increase from the Orchards Inn Sedona, which was acquired on February 28, 2017.

Excluding these non-comparable amounts our total revenues decreased $1.6 million, or 0.3%.

The following are key hotel operating statistics for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016. The 2016 amounts reflect the period in 2016 comparable to our ownership period in 2017 for the L'Auberge de Sedona and Orchards Inn Sedona and exclude the hotels sold in 2016.
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
% Change
Occupancy %
81.5
%
 
80.9
%
 
0.6 percentage points

ADR
$
228.67

 
$
225.55

 
1.4
%
RevPAR
$
186.46

 
$
182.51

 
2.2
%

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Excluding non-comparable amounts from our acquisitions and dispositions, the increase in room revenue is a result of a 6.2% increase in the business transient segment and a 1.2% increase in the group segment, partially offset by an 10.9% decrease in the contract segment and a 2.2% decrease in the leisure transient segment.

Food and beverage revenues decreased $11.6 million from the nine months ended September 30, 2016, which includes amounts that are not comparable period-over-period as follows:

$4.7 million decrease from the Orlando Airport Marriott, which was sold on June 8, 2016.
$9.1 million decrease from the Minneapolis Hilton, which was sold on June 30, 2016.
$0.1 million decrease from the Hilton Garden Inn Chelsea/New York City, which was sold on July 7, 2016.
$4.6 million increase from the L'Auberge de Sedona, which was acquired on February 28, 2017.
$2.5 million increase from the Orchards Inn Sedona, which was acquired on February 28, 2017.

Excluding these non-comparable amounts, food and beverage revenues decreased $4.8 million, or 3.5%, primarily due to a decrease in banquet and catering revenues.

Excluding non-comparable amounts from our acquisitions and dispositions, other revenues, which primarily represent spa, parking, resort fees and attrition and cancellation fees, decreased by less than $1.0 million, primarily due to a decrease in tenant lease income and parking revenue.

Hotel operating expenses. The operating expenses consisted of the following (dollars in millions):
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
% Change (B)/W
Rooms departmental expenses
$
120.4

 
$
121.7

 
(1.1
)%
Food and beverage departmental expenses
93.3

 
97.7

 
(4.5
)
Other departmental expenses
9.2

 
9.2

 

General and administrative
56.7

 
58.0

 
(2.2
)
Utilities
18.6

 
20.0

 
(7.0
)
Repairs and maintenance
26.3

 
27.1

 
(3.0
)
Sales and marketing
44.6

 
47.4

 
(5.9
)
Franchise fees
17.3

 
16.5

 
4.8

Base management fees
13.7

 
17.0

 
(19.4
)
Incentive management fees
4.6

 
6.0

 
(23.3
)
Property taxes
39.2

 
35.2

 
11.4

Other fixed charges
8.5

 
9.2

 
(7.6
)
Ground rent—Contractual
3.1

 
5.9

 
(47.5
)
Ground rent—Non-cash
4.6

 
4.2

 
9.5

Total hotel operating expenses
$
460.1

 
$
475.1

 
(3.2
)%

Our hotel operating expenses decreased $15.0 million from $475.1 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 to $460.1 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2017. The decrease in hotel operating expenses includes amounts that are not comparable period-over-period as follows:

$9.1 million decrease from the Orlando Airport Marriott, which was sold on June 8, 2016.
$19.4 million decrease from the Minneapolis Hilton, which was sold on June 30, 2016.
$4.8 million decrease from the Hilton Garden Inn Chelsea/New York City, which was sold on July 7, 2016.
$10.8 million increase from the L'Auberge de Sedona, which was acquired on February 28, 2017.
$3.6 million increase from the Orchards Inn Sedona, which was acquired on February 28, 2017.

Excluding the non-comparable amounts, hotel operating expenses increased $3.9 million, or 0.9%, from the nine months ended September 30, 2016.

The decrease in contractual ground rent period-over-period is due to the sale of the Hilton Minneapolis, which was sold on June 30, 2016. The increase in property taxes is primarily due to successful appeals for our two Chicago hotels during the nine

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months ended September 30, 2016, as well as increased assessments at our two Chicago hotels and our three Colorado hotels during the nine months ended September 30, 2017.

In connection with the change in hotel manager of the Courtyard Manhattan/Midtown East, we recognized $1.9 million of accelerated amortization of key money during the nine months ended September 30, 2017. This amortization reduced base management fees during the nine months ended September 30, 2017.

The decrease in incentive management fees is primarily due to our contribution to the renovation at the Chicago Marriott Downtown. There is no owner's priority; however, our accumulated contribution to the hotel's renovation is treated as a deduction spread over a period of time in calculating net operating income. As our accumulated contribution has increased, the incentive management fees have decreased.

Depreciation and amortization. Depreciation and amortization is recorded on our hotel buildings over 40 years for the periods subsequent to acquisition. Depreciable lives of hotel furniture, fixtures and equipment are estimated as the time period between the acquisition date and the date that the hotel furniture, fixtures and equipment will be replaced. Our depreciation and amortization expense increased $1.3 million, or 1.8%, from the nine months ended September 30, 2016.

Impairment losses. We recorded impairment losses totaling $2.4 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2017. The loss is comprised of $1.8 million from the write-off of construction in progress that was determined not to be recoverable and $0.6 million from the write-off of property and equipment damaged during Hurricane Irma in September 2017.

Hotel acquisition costs. We recorded $2.0 million of hotel acquisition expenses during the nine months ended September 30, 2017, which is comprised of $2.2 million of costs incurred from the acquisitions of L'Auberge de Sedona and Orchards Inn Sedona, offset by a refund of $0.2 million of transfer taxes related to the acquisition of the Hotel Rex.

Corporate expenses. Corporate expenses principally consist of employee-related costs, including base payroll, bonus and restricted stock. Corporate expenses also include corporate operating costs, professional fees and directors’ fees. Our corporate expenses increased $1.8 million, from $17.4 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 to $19.2 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2017. The increase is partially due to the fee paid for the recruitment of our new Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer in January 2017, the reversal of $0.7 million of previously recognized compensation expense resulting from the forfeiture of equity awards related to the resignation of our former Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer during the three months ended September 30, 2016, and an increase in other employee compensation during the nine months ended September 30, 2017.

Interest expense. Our interest expense was $28.8 million and $32.2 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively, and comprises the following (in millions):
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2017
 
2016
Mortgage debt interest
$
22.4

 
$
28.5

Term loan interest
4.2

 
0.8

Credit facility interest and unused fees
0.7

 
1.1

Amortization of deferred financing costs and debt premium
1.5

 
1.7

Interest rate cap fair value adjustment

 
0.1

 
$
28.8

 
$
32.2


The decrease in mortgage debt interest expense is primarily related to the repayment of the mortgage loans secured by the Chicago Marriott Downtown, the Courtyard Manhattan Fifth Avenue, and the Lexington Hotel. The decrease is also attributed to the sale of the Hilton Minneapolis on June 30, 2016. The decrease in interest expense is partially offset by the increase in interest expense on our two unsecured term loans, entered into in May 2016 and April 2017.

Loss on early extinguishment of debt. We prepaid the $170.4 million mortgage loan previously secured by the Lexington Hotel on April 26, 2017 and recognized a loss on early extinguishment of debt of approximately $0.3 million.

Income taxes. We recorded income tax expense of $9.0 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 and an income tax expense of $11.4 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2016. The income tax expense for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 includes $8.4 million of income tax expense on the $20.7 million pre-tax income of our TRSs, $0.2 million

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Table of Contents


of state franchise taxes, and $0.4 million of income tax expense incurred on the $6.3 million pre-tax income of the TRS that owns Frenchman's Reef. The income tax expense for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 includes $10.6 million of income tax expense incurred on the $25.8 million pre-tax income of our TRS, $0.6 million of foreign income tax expense incurred on the $8.1 million pre-tax income of the TRS that owns Frenchman's Reef, and $0.2 million of state franchise taxes.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Our short-term liquidity requirements consist primarily of funds necessary to fund distributions to our stockholders to maintain our REIT status as well as to pay for operating expenses and capital expenditures directly associated with our hotels, funding of share repurchases under our share repurchase program, debt repayments upon maturity and scheduled debt payments of interest and principal. We currently expect that our available cash flows, which are generally provided through net cash from hotel operations, existing cash balances, equity issuances, proceeds from new financings and refinancings of maturing debt, proceeds from property dispositions, and, if necessary, short-term borrowings under our senior unsecured credit facility, will be sufficient to meet our short-term liquidity requirements.

Some of our mortgage debt agreements contain “cash trap” provisions that are triggered when the hotel’s operating results
fall below a certain debt service coverage ratio. When these provisions are triggered, all of the excess cash flow generated by the hotel is deposited directly into cash management accounts for the benefit of our lenders until a specified debt service coverage ratio is reached and maintained for a certain period of time. Such provisions do not allow the lender the right to accelerate repayment of the underlying debt.

Our long-term liquidity requirements consist primarily of funds necessary to pay for the costs of acquiring additional hotels, renovations, and other capital expenditures that need to be made periodically to our hotels, scheduled debt payments, debt maturities and making distributions to our stockholders. We expect to meet our long-term liquidity requirements through various sources of capital, including cash provided by operations, borrowings, issuances of additional equity and/or debt securities and proceeds from property dispositions. Our ability to incur additional debt is dependent upon a number of factors, including the state of the credit markets, our degree of leverage, the value of our unencumbered assets and borrowing restrictions imposed by existing lenders. Our ability to raise capital through the issuance of additional equity and/or debt securities is also dependent on a number of factors including the current state of the capital markets, investor sentiment and intended use of proceeds. We may need to raise additional capital if we identify acquisition opportunities that meet our investment objectives and require liquidity in excess of existing cash balances. Our ability to raise funds through the issuance of equity securities depends on, among other things, general market conditions for hotel companies and REITs and market perceptions about us.

Our Financing Strategy

Since our formation in 2004, we have been committed to a conservative capital structure with prudent leverage. The majority of our outstanding debt is fixed interest rate mortgage debt. We have a preference to maintain a significant portion of our portfolio as unencumbered assets in order to provide balance sheet flexibility. We expect that our strategy will enable us to maintain a balance sheet with an appropriate amount of debt throughout all phases of the lodging cycle. We believe that it is not prudent to increase the inherent risk of highly cyclical lodging fundamentals through the use of a highly leveraged capital structure.

We prefer a relatively simple but efficient capital structure. We have not invested in joint ventures and have not issued any operating partnership units or preferred stock. We structure our hotel acquisitions to be straightforward and to fit within our capital structure; however, we will consider a more complex transaction if we believe that the projected returns to our stockholders will significantly exceed the returns that would otherwise be available.

We believe that we maintain a reasonable amount of debt. As of September 30, 2017, we had $940.8 million of debt outstanding with a weighted average interest rate of 3.8% and a weighted average maturity date of approximately 5.9 years. We maintain one of the most durable and lowest levered balance sheets among our lodging REIT peers. We maintain balance sheet flexibility with no near-term debt maturities, no borrowings outstanding under our senior unsecured credit facility and 20 of our 28 hotels unencumbered by mortgage debt. We remain committed to our core strategy of maintaining a simple capital structure with conservative leverage.

Information about our financing activities is available in Note 8 to the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements.

Share Repurchase Program


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Our board of directors has approved a $150 million share repurchase program authorizing us to repurchase shares of our common stock. Information about our share repurchase program is found in Note 5 to the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements. During the nine months ended September 30, 2017, we did not repurchase any shares of our common stock. As of November 7, 2017, we have $143.5 million of authorized capacity remaining under our share repurchase program.

Short-Term Borrowings

Other than borrowings under our senior unsecured credit facility, discussed below, we do not utilize short-term borrowings to meet liquidity requirements.

Senior Unsecured Credit Facility

We are party to a $300 million senior unsecured credit facility expiring in May 2020. Information about our senior unsecured credit facility is found in Note 8 to the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements. As of September 30, 2017, we had no borrowings outstanding under our senior unsecured credit facility.

Unsecured Term Loans

We are party to a $100 million unsecured term loan expiring in May 2021 and a $200 million unsecured term loan expiring in April 2022. Information about our unsecured term loans is found in Note 8 to the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements.

Sources and Uses of Cash

Our principal sources of cash are net cash flow from hotel operations and borrowings under mortgage debt, term loans, our senior unsecured credit facility, proceeds from hotel dispositions, and proceeds from insurance claims. Our principal uses of cash are acquisitions of hotel properties, debt service, debt maturities, capital expenditures, operating costs, corporate expenses, natural disaster remediation and repair costs, and dividends. As of September 30, 2017, we had $166.6 million of unrestricted corporate cash and $42.3 million of restricted cash, as well as full borrowing capacity under our senior unsecured credit facility.

Our net cash provided by operations was $149.4 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2017. Our cash from operations generally consists of the net cash flow from hotel operations offset by cash paid for corporate expenses and other working capital changes.

Our net cash used in investing activities was $168.9 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2017, which consisted of $93.8 million paid for the acquisitions of L'Auberge de Sedona and Orchards Inn Sedona, capital expenditures at our hotels of $77.5 million, offset by the net return of $2.4 million from property improvement reserves included within restricted cash to fund capital expenditures.

Our net cash used in financing activities was $57.0 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2017, which consisted of our $170.4 million repayment of the mortgage debt secured by the Lexington Hotel, $75.5 million of dividend payments, $9.1 million of scheduled mortgage debt principal payments, $0.5 million paid to repurchase shares upon the vesting of restricted stock for the payment of tax withholding obligations, and $1.6 million of financing costs related to our unsecured term loan, partially offset by $200.0 million of proceeds from our new unsecured term loan.

We currently anticipate our significant sources of cash for the remainder of the year ending December 31, 2017 will be the net cash flow from hotel operations and potential insurance proceeds. We expect our uses of cash for the remainder of the year ending December 31, 2017 will be regularly scheduled debt service payments, capital expenditures, remediation and repair costs, dividends, corporate expenses, potential hotel acquisitions, and potential share repurchases.

Dividend Policy

We intend to distribute to our stockholders dividends at least equal to our REIT taxable income to avoid paying corporate income tax and excise tax on our earnings (other than the earnings of our TRS, which are all subject to tax at regular corporate rates) and to qualify for the tax benefits afforded to REITs under the Code. In order to qualify as a REIT under the Code, we generally must make distributions to our stockholders each year in an amount equal to at least:

90% of our REIT taxable income determined without regard to the dividends paid deduction and excluding net capital gains, plus

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90% of the excess of our net income from foreclosure property over the tax imposed on such income by the Code, minus

any excess non-cash income.

The timing and frequency of distributions will be authorized by our board of directors and declared by us based upon a variety of factors, including our financial performance, restrictions under applicable law and our current and future loan agreements, our debt service requirements, our capital expenditure requirements, the requirements for qualification as a REIT under the Code and other factors that our board of directors may deem relevant from time to time.

We have paid the following dividends to holders of our common stock during 2017:
Payment Date
 
Record Date
 
Dividend
per Share
January 12, 2017
 
December 30, 2016
 
$
0.125

April 12, 2017
 
March 31, 2017
 
$
0.125

July 12, 2017
 
June 30, 2017
 
$
0.125

October 12, 2017
 
September 30, 2017
 
$
0.125


Capital Expenditures

The management and franchise agreements for each of our hotels provide for the establishment of separate property improvement funds to cover, among other things, the cost of replacing and repairing furniture, fixtures and equipment at our hotels and other routine capital expenditures. Contributions to the property improvement fund are calculated as a percentage of hotel revenues. In addition, we may be required to pay for the cost of certain additional improvements that are not permitted to be funded from the property improvement fund under the applicable management or franchise agreement. As of September 30, 2017, we have set aside $36.5 million for capital projects in property improvement funds, which are included in restricted cash.

We spent approximately $77.5 million on capital improvements during the nine months ended September 30, 2017, primarily related to the third phase of the Chicago Marriott Downtown renovation and the guest room renovations at the Gwen Chicago, Worthington Renaissance, Charleston Renaissance, and The Lodge at Sonoma. We expect to spend between $110 million and $120 million on capital improvements at our hotels in 2017. Significant projects in 2017 include:

Chicago Marriott Downtown: We completed the third phase of the multi-year renovation, which included the upgrade renovation of 340 guest rooms. We expect to commence the final phase of the multi-year renovation, which will include renovating the remaining 258 of 1,200 guest rooms during late 2017 with completion in early 2018.
The Gwen: We completed the renovation of the hotel's 311 guest rooms in April 2017.
Worthington Renaissance: We completed the renovation of the hotel's 504 guest rooms in January 2017.
Charleston Renaissance: We completed the renovation of the hotel's 166 guest rooms in February 2017.
The Lodge at Sonoma: We completed the renovation of the hotel's 182 guest rooms in April 2017.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

We have no off-balance sheet arrangements that have or are reasonably likely to have a current or future effect on our financial condition, changes in financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources that is material to investors.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

We use the following non-GAAP financial measures that we believe are useful to investors as key measures of our operating performance: EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA, FFO and Adjusted FFO. These measures should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for measures of performance in accordance with U.S. GAAP. EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA, FFO and Adjusted FFO, as calculated by us, may not be comparable to other companies that do not define such terms exactly as the Company.

Use and Limitations of Non-GAAP Financial Measures

Our management and Board of Directors use EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA, FFO and Adjusted FFO to evaluate the performance of our hotels and to facilitate comparisons between us and other lodging REITs, hotel owners who are not REITs and

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other capital intensive companies. The use of these non-GAAP financial measures has certain limitations. These non-GAAP financial measures as presented by us, may not be comparable to non-GAAP financial measures as calculated by other real estate companies. These measures do not reflect certain expenses or expenditures that we incurred and will incur, such as depreciation, interest and capital expenditures. We compensate for these limitations by separately considering the impact of these excluded items to the extent they are material to operating decisions or assessments of our operating performance. Our reconciliations to the most comparable GAAP financial measures, and our consolidated statements of operations and cash flows, include interest expense, capital expenditures, and other excluded items, all of which should be considered when evaluating our performance, as well as the usefulness of our non-GAAP financial measures.

These non-GAAP financial measures are used in addition to and in conjunction with results presented in accordance with GAAP. They should not be considered as alternatives to operating profit, cash flow from operations, or any other operating performance measure prescribed by GAAP. These non-GAAP financial measures reflect additional ways of viewing our operations that we believe, when viewed with our GAAP results and the reconciliations to the corresponding GAAP financial measures, provide a more complete understanding of factors and trends affecting our business than could be obtained absent this disclosure. We strongly encourage investors to review our financial information in its entirety and not to rely on a single financial measure.

EBITDA and FFO

EBITDA represents net income excluding: (1) interest expense; (2) provision for income taxes, including income taxes applicable to sale of assets; and (3) depreciation and amortization. We believe EBITDA is useful to an investor in evaluating our operating performance because it helps investors evaluate and compare the results of our operations from period to period by removing the impact of our capital structure (primarily interest expense) and our asset base (primarily depreciation and amortization) from our operating results. In addition, covenants included in our debt agreements use EBITDA as a measure of financial compliance. We also use EBITDA as one measure in determining the value of hotel acquisitions and dispositions.

The Company computes FFO in accordance with standards established by the National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts ("NAREIT"), which defines FFO as net income determined in accordance with U.S. GAAP, excluding gains or losses from sales of properties and impairment losses, plus depreciation and amortization. The Company believes that the presentation of FFO provides useful information to investors regarding its operating performance because it is a measure of the Company's operations without regard to specified non-cash items, such as real estate depreciation and amortization and gains or losses on the sale of assets. The Company also uses FFO as one measure in assessing its operating results.

Adjustments to EBITDA and FFO

We adjust EBITDA and FFO when evaluating our performance because we believe that the exclusion of certain additional items described below provides useful supplemental information to investors regarding our ongoing operating performance and that the presentation of Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted FFO, when combined with U.S. GAAP net income, EBITDA and FFO, is beneficial to an investor's complete understanding of our consolidated operating performance. We adjust EBITDA and FFO for the following items:

Non-Cash Ground Rent: We exclude the non-cash expense incurred from the straight line recognition of rent from our ground lease obligations and the non-cash amortization of our favorable lease assets. We exclude these non-cash items because they do not reflect the actual rent amounts due to the respective lessors in the current period and they are of lesser significance in evaluating our actual performance for that period.
Non-Cash Amortization of Favorable and Unfavorable Contracts: We exclude the non-cash amortization of the favorable and unfavorable contracts recorded in conjunction with certain acquisitions because the non-cash amortization is based on historical cost accounting and is of lesser significance in evaluating our actual performance for that period.
Cumulative Effect of a Change in Accounting Principle: Infrequently, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) promulgates new accounting standards that require the consolidated statement of operations to reflect the cumulative effect of a change in accounting principle. We exclude the effect of these adjustments, which include the accounting impact from prior periods, because they do not reflect the Company's actual underlying performance for the current period.
Gains or Losses from Early Extinguishment of Debt: We exclude the effect of gains or losses recorded on the early extinguishment of debt because these gains or losses result from transaction activity related to the Company's capital structure that we believe are not indicative of the ongoing operating performance of the Company or our hotels.
Hotel Acquisition Costs:  We exclude hotel acquisition costs expensed during the period because we believe these transaction costs are not reflective of the ongoing performance of the Company or our hotels.

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Severance Costs:  We exclude corporate severance costs incurred with the termination of corporate-level employees and severance costs incurred at our hotels related to lease terminations or structured severance programs because we believe these costs do not reflect the ongoing performance of the Company or our hotels.
Hotel Manager Transition Costs:  We exclude the transition costs associated with a change in hotel manager because we believe these costs do not reflect the ongoing performance of the Company or our hotels.
Other Items:  From time to time we incur costs or realize gains that we consider outside the ordinary course of business and that we do not believe reflect the ongoing performance of the Company or our hotels. Such items may include, but are not limited to, the following: pre-opening costs incurred with newly developed hotels; lease preparation costs incurred to prepare vacant space for marketing; management or franchise contract termination fees; gains or losses from legal settlements; bargain purchase gains incurred upon acquisition of a hotel; costs incurred related to natural disasters;
and gains from insurance proceeds.

In addition, to derive Adjusted EBITDA we exclude gains or losses on dispositions and impairment losses because we believe that including them in EBITDA does not reflect the ongoing performance of our hotels. Additionally, the gain or loss on dispositions and impairment losses are based on historical cost accounting and represent either accelerated depreciation or excess depreciation in previous periods, and depreciation is excluded from EBITDA.

In addition, to derive Adjusted FFO we exclude any fair value adjustments to debt instruments. We exclude these non-cash amounts because they do not reflect the underlying performance of the Company.

The following table is a reconciliation of our U.S. GAAP net income to EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA (in thousands):
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
 
 
 
 
Net income
$
21,623

 
$
29,937

 
$
67,105

 
$
90,890

Interest expense
9,692

 
9,504

 
28,790

 
32,242

Income tax expense
3,375

 
4,393

 
9,019

 
11,357

Real estate related depreciation and amortization
25,083

 
23,605

 
75,031

 
73,731

EBITDA
59,773

 
67,439

 
179,945

 
208,220

Non-cash ground rent
1,591

 
1,568

 
4,756

 
4,230

Non-cash amortization of favorable and unfavorable contracts, net
(478
)
 
(478
)
 
(1,434
)
 
(1,434
)
Hotel acquisition costs (1)
(245
)
 

 
2,028

 

Natural disaster costs
1,493

 

 
1,493

 

Impairment losses
2,357

 

 
2,357

 

Hotel manager transition costs (2)
(1,362
)
 

 
(1,362
)
 

Loss on early extinguishment of debt

 


274



Gain on sale of hotel properties

 
(2,198
)
 

 
(10,319
)
Severance costs (3)

 
(682
)
 

 
(563
)
Adjusted EBITDA
$
63,129

 
$
65,649

 
$
188,057

 
$
200,134

____________________
(1) During the three months ended September 30, 2017, we recorded a refund of $0.2 million of transfer taxes originally paid to the City and County of San Francisco in connection with our acquisition of the Hotel Rex.
(2) Includes items related to the hotel manager change at the Courtyard Manhattan/Midtown East during the the three months ended September 30, 2017, as follows: (a) employee severance costs of approximately $0.4 million, (b) transition costs of approximately $0.1 million offset by (c) $1.9 million of accelerated amortization of key money received from Marriott.
(3) Classified within corporate expense on the condensed consolidated statements of operations. During the three months ended September 30, 2016, we reversed $0.7 million of previously recognized compensation expense for forfeited equity awards related to the resignation of our former Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer.

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The following table is a reconciliation of our U.S. GAAP net income to FFO and Adjusted FFO (in thousands):
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
 
 
 
Net income
$
21,623

 
$
29,937

 
$
67,105

 
$
90,890

Real estate related depreciation and amortization
25,083

 
23,605

 
75,031

 
73,731

Impairment losses
2,357

 

 
2,357

 

Gain on sale of hotel properties, net of income tax

 
(1,877
)
 

 
(8,887
)
FFO
49,063

 
51,665

 
144,493

 
155,734

Non-cash ground rent
1,591

 
1,568

 
4,756

 
4,230

Non-cash amortization of favorable and unfavorable contracts, net
(478
)
 
(478
)
 
(1,434
)
 
(1,434
)
Hotel acquisition costs (1)
(245
)
 

 
2,028

 

Natural disaster costs
1,493

 

 
1,493

 

Hotel manager transition costs (2)
(1,362
)
 

 
(1,362
)
 

Loss on early extinguishment of debt

 

 
274